Charles Darwin is best known for his work as a naturalist, developing a theory of evolution to explain biological change. His studies of specimens around the globe led him to formulate his theory of evolution and his views on the process of natural selection.
Darwin was a child of wealth and privilege who loved to explore nature. He landed in a naturalist’s position aboard the HMS Beagle. that was to take a five-year survey trip around the world. Over the course of the trip, Darwin collected a variety of natural specimens, including birds, plants and fossils. Through hands-on research and experimentation, he had the unique opportunity to closely observe principles of botany, geology and zoology.
Upon his return to England,Darwin began to write up his findings. He began to develop a revolutionary theory about the origin of living beings that was contrary to the popular view of other naturalists at the time. He published a detailed explanation of his theory in his best-known work, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.